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疍家咸水歌:悠悠渔家调 袅袅海上来
作者:李艳玫    发布日期:2021-06-21    来源:海南日报
 

“南海碧波滔滔,渔香飘过五洲,潮涨潮落……”“三亚有个小渔村呀,祖先留下的龙盘井,还有处疍家棚……”虽然已经80岁,但作为三亚疍歌市级传承人的张发结仍嗓音清亮,每天都要唱上一段,悠扬的曲调久久回旋。三亚疍歌是生活在这里的疍家人所唱的歌,也称作疍家渔歌或咸水歌。

三亚疍歌取材于生活

WANGZHEZHANGUANLIDEDANJIASHUIPENG,SANYADANJIAWENHUACHENLIEGUANGUANZHANGZHENGSHIXIBUJINXIANGQIXIRI“SHUISHANGRENJIA”SHENGHUO。“SHISHISHUIWEIXIANG,DAIDAIZHOUWEIJIA;CHENFUJIANGHAILI,SHIDAIHAIJIANGNAN”SHILAOYIDAIDANJIARENSHENGHUOZHUANGKUANGDEXIEZHAO。

“DANJIARENDELISHIZUIZAOKEZHUISUDAOQINHANDEGUYUEZU,ZAOZAISONGMOYUANCHU,BIANYOULAIZIMINYUEDIQUDEDANJIARENJUJUSANYAHAIBIN,GUOZHEYICHUANWEIJIA、BUYUWEIYEDESHENGHUO。”ZHENGSHIXIJIESHAO,ZHANGQIYUFENGLANGBODOUHEXIANGDAHAIQUSHI,XIANEDESHENGCUNHUANJINGHEDUTEDEMOUSHENGSHOUDUAN,SHIDESANYADANJIARENZAIXINGGE、YUYAN、JUZHU、HUNPEIDENGFANGMIANJUNDUJUTESE,YUNYUCHUJUYOUNONGHOUXIANGTUFENGQINGDETESEDANJIAWENHUA。

DANGEJIUSHIDANJIAWENHUADAIBIAOZHIYI,TAJILUZHEDANJIARENRICHANGSHENGCHAN、SHENGHUOQINGJING,FANYINGDANJIARENJINGSHENHEQINGGANSHIJIE。“XIANSHUIGEQUCAIGUANGFAN,WULUNSHIQINQING、YOUQING、AIQING,HAISHIXINUAILENEIXINQINGGAN,SHENGHUOHELAOZUOZHONGDIANDISHIQINGJIEKEGECHANG。”ZHENGSHIXISHUO,DANGEGECIJIANJIESHENGDONG,QINGGANZHENZHI,FUYOUQIANGLIEDEGANRANLI。

JULEJIE,CONGYANCHANGDEQUDIAOSHANG,DANGEFENWEITANJIAJIEDIAO、MUYUSHIDIAO、BAILUODIAO、GULIMEIDIAO4GEQUDIAO,CONGTICAINEIRONGKEYIFENWEIQINGGE、LAODONGGE、YISHI(HUN、SANG、JISI)GE、SHENGHUOGE、SHIZHENGGEDENG,QIZHONGYIQINGGE、LAODONGGEHEYISHIGESUOZHANPIANFUJIAODUO,SHEJINEIRONGBIJIAOGUANG。

“DANGEDEDANSHENG,QICHUSHIDANJIARENWEILESHUFASHENGHUODEGUJIHEKUMENSUIKOUERCHANG,HOULAIZHEIZHONGKOUTOUWENHUAJINGGUOCHUANCHENGHEFAZHAN,CHENGWEIDANJIARENDEYIZHONGZHONGYAOJINGSHENSHENGHUOZAITI。”ZHENGSHIXISHUO。

三亚疍歌在保护中传承

SHIGUANGFEISHI,SUIZHESANYAJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN,DANJIARENDESHENGHUOQIAORANJIANQILEBIANHUA,YUELAIYUEDUODEDANJIARENLIKAILESHUIMIAN,QIANJUDAOANSHANG。

DUOFANGMIANYINSUDEYINGXIANG,DANGEDECHUANCHANGYESHOUDAOLEJUXIAN。HAINANREDAIHAIYANGHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIBANGUANWANGRENWENSHEHUIKEXUEHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIBANGUANWANGFUJIAOSHOUYANGJINGXIAZAI《SANYAZHOUJIAXIANSHUIGEYANJIU》ZHONGPOUXILEDANGEFAZHANDEPINGJING,TAXIEDAO:“SUIZHEXINCHENGZHENHUAJINCHENGDETUIJINHEHULIANWANGJISHUDEQIANGLICHONGJI,XIANSHUIGEDECHUANCHENGMIANLINZHEDUANDAIWEIJI。JIUQIYUANYINYOUER:YISHIXIANSHUIGELAIYISHENGCUNDETURANGFASHENGBIANHUA,DANJIARENDESHENGHUOYIJINGYOU‘QINSHUI’KONGJIANYANBIANWEI‘LISHUI’KONGJIAN;ERSHIXIANSHUIGEDEYANCHANGZHEDUOSHILIUQISHISUIDELAOREN,NIANQINGRENHENSHAOQUGUANZHUTA,GENGQUEFABAOHUYISHI。”

“YIQIANNENGJIEJUEWENBAOJIUHENMANZULE,XIANZAISHENGHUOHAOLE,JIUXUYAOZHAOHUIWOMENDEWENHUA。”ZHENGSHIXISHUO。ZAIGONGZUORI,ZHANGFAJIERENGRANJIANCHIMEITIANDAOSANYASHIDANJIARENWENHUACHENLIEGUANDAKA“SHANGBAN”。YUDAODUIDANGEGANXINGQUDEYOUKE,ZHANGFAJIEHAIHUIJIXINGCHANGSHANGJISHOU。TAHAIYUQITACHUANCHENGRENGONGTONGCHENGLILEXIANSHUIGECHUANCHENGXIEHUI,TONGGUOYANCHU、BISAIDENGFANGSHI,CHUANYANGDANGEWENHUA。“WOXIWANGGENGDUODERENLAIXUECHANGDANGE,XIHUANCHANGDANGE。”ZHANGFAJIESHOUJILEXUDUODANGEDEGEBEN,YECHANGSHIJIANGCHUANTONGDANGEGAIBIANDEGENG“NIANQING”、GENGTIEJINDANGXIADESHENGHUO。

DANGTINGDAO“SANYADANGERUXUANDIWUPIGUOJIAJIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANDAIBIAOXINGXIANGMUMINGLU”XIAOXISHI,ZHENGSHIXIXINQINGSHIFENJIDONG。TAZHANWANG,GULAODEDANJIAWENHUANENGYONGGENGJIATIEJINCHENGSHILVYOUFAZHANDEFENGMAO,YIDAIYOUYIDAIBAOCUNHECHUANCHENGXIAQU。

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